The Sultanate of Oman is in the Middle East, on the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates in the northwest, Saudi Arabia in the west, and Yemen in the southwest. Oman has two exclaves separated from it by the United Arab Emirates, the Musandam Peninsula and Madha.
Major cities and tourist attractions
- Muscat - the historic capital and largest city
- Bahla - oasis town which is home to a UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Buraimi - border crossing town adjacent to Al Ain in the United Arab Emirates
- Ibra - gateway to the Wahiba Sands
- Matrah - adjoining the capital city and just as historic
- Nizwa - contains one of the best-known forts in Oman
- Salalah - the south, which is almost tropical at the time of the Kareef
- Sohar - one of the the legendary homes of Sindbad
- Sur - where dhows are still made by hand
- Hajar Mountains - a majestic range, the highest in the Arabian Peninsula, which stretches into the United Arab Emirates.
- Madha - tiny exclave of Oman completely surrounded by the United Arab Emirates
- Masirah Island - a real desert island experience awaits on this haven for turtles and other wildlife
- Musandam Peninsula - a rocky exclave on the Straits of Hormuz with some magnificent wadis
- Wahiba Sands - massive rolling dunes as far as the eye can see
- Al Amerat - A city in Muscat
Virtually all international flights arrive at Seeb International Airport (MCT) in Muscat. There are also a small number of regional international flights to Salalah (SLL). Purchasing a visa on arrival in Salalah can be quite difficult, as the airport is very small and immigration officials tend not to have change for larger notes.
A single entry, one month visa can be obtained upon arrival at any air, land or sea terminal by the citzens of the following countries: EU citizens and other Europeans including nationals of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Norway, San Marino, Switzerland and Vatican City but not Cyprus and Malta. Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, China*, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Macedonia, Malaysia, Moldova, New Zealand, Paraguay, Peru, Russia*, Seychelles, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey*, Ukraine*, USA, Uruguay and Venezuela.
The fee is 5 OMR (unless you are on an expatriate GCC visa, in which case it is 20 OMR, longer term travel visas can be issued for 40 OMR) and your passport should be valid for no less than 6 months from the date of arrival. However, if you arrived by air into Dubai International Airport and subsequently enter Oman via land, the 5 OMR fee will be waived. Any visa fees can be paid using UAE dirhams at a rate of 10 to 1 OMR. At the airports visa fees can be paid in any GCC currency, Euros, and USD. Chinese, Russian and Ukrainian nationals may obtain visit visas following the same procedures provided that they are part of tourists groups arriving to the Sultanate through a local tourist agent or a hotel or as a family. In the case of groups, the number of females must not exceed the number of males.
Citizens of Egypt, Iran, India, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria and Tunisia can apply for a one month visit visa only at air terminals.
The visa can be extended another month by submitting your passport to the Royal Omani Police in Muscat, however there is one line, and the wait can be as long as 2 hours. Be aware that the concept of personal distance is different in the Middle East than it is in Europe. Line jumping may be a problem for Europeans unless you set aside that personal distance concept. If you are on a budget and need to extend your visa, I highly recommend taking a trip to the United Arab Emirates. Buses are RO 10-12 return. A same-day round trip flight to Sharjah on Air Arabia  runs around RO 50. Even a taxi would be an option.